Basic CoinLedger Terms
Trade: Any buy, sell, or coin-to-coin trade made from one currency to another.
Report: A representation of the crypto related capital gains calculations made for a given year. (A report also houses different pages, or 'sub-reports', such as Short-Term Gains, Audit-Trail, etc)
Taxable Event: A taxable event refers to any scenario in which you trigger or realize taxable income. Taxable events in crypto include trading crypto for fiat, trading crypto-to-crypto, spending crypto, or earning crypto as income.
Payment: A type of outgoing transaction in which you pay a person or entity in crypto. This can include giving crypto as a gift or in exchange for goods or services.
Fiat Buy: Buying cryptocurrency with fiat money. Ex: Buying BTC with USD.
Fiat Sell: Selling crypto for fiat money. Ex: Selling BTC for USD.
Cost Basis: How much money you put into your crypto and at what price. It is used to determine your capital gains/losses incurred whenever you dispose of your crypto (trade or sell), and includes fees, as well as the date and time of your purchase.
Historical Price: Part of cost basis, the historical price is the exact price you paid for an asset at that historic point in time.
Exchange: Any platform you use to buy, sell, or trade cryptocurrency. Ex: Coinbase, Crypto.com, etc.
Accounting Method/Cost Basis Method: Your crypto tax accounting method, also known as your cost basis method, is the method you use to tell the IRS at what specific time you realized a gain or loss on an asset you disposed of. Adjusting your accounting method can sometimes result in significant savings on your tax bill. While American crypto investors can use FIFO, LIFO, or HIFO as their accounting method, many choose to use FIFO because it is the most conservative option.
Import Stage Terms
Incoming Transaction: An instance where you received a coin without giving away a form of currency. (Examples - Mining payouts, Gifts, Crypto Income, etc)
Outgoing Transaction: An instance where you gave away a coin without receiving any form of currency. (Examples - Payment for Services, Gifts, etc)
Other Account/Other Exchange: Any time a customer uses a crypto exchange that is not yet supported on CoinLedger, they can upload it manually using the "Other Exchange" template.
Classify Stage: Distinguishing between different types of crypto transactions to determine the proper tax treatment.
Missing Cost Basis Warning: A trade flagged by CoinLedger because the app is not able to determine where the coin you're selling was originally acquired. (If you run a report with Negative Balance Warnings, reconciliation events with a zero cost-basis will be automatically generated. These are view-able on the Reconciliation tab of your report.)
Historical Price Warning: A trade flagged by CoinLedger because the app is not able to fetch the historical price of a specific coin. This prevents our system from assigning it a proper cost basis.
Casualty Loss: A casualty loss is any unforeseen or unexpected damage or destruction of your crypto assets.
Investment Loss: Losses you incur from buying a crypto asset and then selling it for less than you acquired it for (also known as a capital loss).
Theft Loss: An intentional theft of a crypto asset from an exchange or wallet.
Interest Income: Interest payments you receive for lending or staking a crypto asset on a decentralized lending platform. These are taxed as ordinary income at your marginal tax bracket.
API: An application programming interface is a secure virtual connection that enables data transmission between two software applications. This is used in crypto to easily and safely transfer your transaction history from a crypto exchange to a service like CoinLedger. No funds or personal information is shared as an API is a read-only connection.
Price Quoting Terms
Quote: In a given trading pair, the "QUOTE" currency is the currency which is the "reference" of the pair.
Base: In a given trading pair, the "BASE" currency is the currency which is being quoted in relation to the "reference" currency.
Example: If the "BASE-QUOTE" pair BTC-USD show a price of 1000. This means that $1000 can be exchanged for 1-BTC (in other words 1000 USD/BTC).
NOTE: Although the "BASE-QUOTE" pattern is the standard following the ISO 4217 guidelines, not all cryptocurrency exchanges follow this pattern.